Alang: Shipbreaking, Salvage, and Environmental Issues

Shipbreaking at Alang
Photo courtesy of Greenpeace International

We traveled to Alang, a stretch of beach on the Gulf of Khambhat in Gujarat, to witness first-hand what has been described as one of the “Seven Garbage Wonders of the World.” At the moment, there are 70 large ships beached like dead whales on the sands of Alang, where they are being dismantled for the reprocessing of their valuable steel. Shipbreaking is easy on neither the environment, nor the workers.

On our way to India, during our layover in Singapore, we were fortunate to catch a fascinating documentary about Alang on National Geographic Television, called “Shipbreakers.” So when our friend Puru from the Sri Aurobindo Ashram in Pondicherry told us that he in Alang to procure heavy-duty laundry equipment and boilers for the ashram and invited us to join him, we jumped at the opportunity. As any of you who regularly read this space already know, garbage has been one of our focuses in recent months.

Until recently, Alang was the largest shipbreaking yard in the world, hosting the destruction of as many as 120 enormous vessels at a time. All that changed two years ago, when Greenpeace blockaded the entry of a decommissioned French warship, Clemenceau, from going aground at Alang, arguing that France should not be allowed to export its environmental nightmares to the developing world. Though the French courts had rejected jurisdiction in the legal case, claiming that the military nature of the vessel created preemption, the French Ambassador to India investigated the protest, agreed with Greenpeace, and France ultimately recalled the ship.

According to traders with whom we spoke in Alang, this episode cost Alang dearly. The shipbreaking yard at Chittagong, Bangladesh has since become the highest volume venue; Gadani Beach, Pakistan and the various shipbreaking yards of China have also seen increase traffic. The economy of Alang – which relies both on the scrap steel and the salvaging of equipment from the ships, like the machines that Puru would be taking back to Pondicherry – is only now beginning to recover from the downturn.

In attempting to piece this story together from press archives, I am having difficulty understanding the direct cause-and-effect between this particular Greenpeace action and the loss of shipbreaking business from Alang to Chittagong, Gadani, or the Chinese yards. And since Greenpeace has hardly ceased its surveillance of ships destined for Alang – or any of the world’s other shipbreaking locations – it is also difficult to account for the recent up-tick in Alang’s fortunes.

Certainly, Greenpeace has been fighting a smart, effective battle against the breaking of toxic ships. Perhaps the biggest victory for its Operation Final Voyage came in 2002, when the The Council of State, The Netherland’s highest court, ruled that a chemical tanker must be thoroughly decontaminated before sending to the shipbreaking yards. I can find no satisfactory explanation, however, for why Greenpeace victories should economically damage Alang, while benefiting other shipbreaking venues.

Taking the Alang traders at their word that the activities of Greenpeace have hurt operations at Alang, there have been benefits as well. The Indian Government has created a new yard, three kilometers inland from the beach, to sort and “properly” dispose of toxic waste. Just what “proper” disposal means in the Indian context remains to be seen. The yard is not yet operational.

One consequence of the Greenpeace experience is that foreigners are no longer allowed access to the beaches of Alang, where the ship-breaking takes place. We were stopped by armed police and prohibited from traveling the final kilometer to the beach. Photography of any sort is strictly banned, whether by foreigner or Indian nationals. The Indian government, much like the Bush administration, believes that the free exchange of information may be good for democracy in general, but is dangerous to its specific objectives and methods.

I am thus sad to report that we have no news or photographs to offer from this remarkable place, which distills in a most dramatic way the complex moral and economic issues of the world’s garbage problem. Perhaps we will return, armed with permissions from officials in Delhi, to tell some of the stories of the shipbreakers and Alang.

7 Responses to “Alang: Shipbreaking, Salvage, and Environmental Issues”

  1. 1 Andrea 10 January 2007 at 6:12 am

    For those who might want to see more about this backbreaking and hard-to-imagine industry – this 60 Minutes story ran in November.

    Mark – as always you open our eyes in ways others cannot. Hugs to you and Yoomi. p.s. I’m attending an Arsenal v. Spurs Game the end of the month – what to bring back for Zing… Safe Journeys.

  2. 2 mr. thakkar 27 January 2007 at 11:21 am

    Dear Sir,

    I am a journalist, working at bhavnagar city near Alang shipbreaking yard. Feel free to contact me if you want any kind of details or infromationa about the shipbreaking yard.

    My email id is


    Mr. Thakkar

  3. 3 M.Bhupendra 27 January 2007 at 11:24 am

    Dear Sir,

    If you want to puchase any kind of marine equipments OR Nautical antiques from the demolished vessel, pleae contact me on


  4. 4 retro 19 November 2007 at 7:47 pm

    It’s a shame what happened to Bangladesh. I hope the world steps up and helps them.

  5. 5 shruti 14 January 2008 at 8:08 pm

    dear sir,
    i am shruti.i am a journalism trainee form sri aurobindo institute of mass comunication.its a part of sri aurobindo society.i am doing my thesis as part of this course, which is based on alang ship breaking yard.
    i was glad to read that mr.puru who also belongs to aurobindo society is actively involved in this work
    i will be really thankful to u if u could furnish me some information on alang shipyard and email id of mr. puru.
    thank you

  6. 6 Environmental Issues 3 December 2011 at 8:08 am

    Toxic waste on the beach can lead to serious issues for the environment. But thankfully, Greanpeace has initiated an agreement with the government to sort out the toxic waste. I am hopeful that the government will be responsible in dealing with anything that is necessary but saddened that information is being blocked. I would love to know any follow up to this story.

  7. 7 dilip markandey 13 March 2012 at 3:41 am

    What is the present status:and how ship breaking affecting the local environment in real sense?

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